The Nobel Prize is a set of annual international awards bestowed in a number of categories in recognition of cultural and scientific advances. The will of the Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel, the inventor of dynamite, established the prizes in 1895.
A pacifist at heart and an inventor by nature, Nobel felt his invention would end all wars, though dynamite was seen by most as an extremely deadly product. In 1888, when Alfred’s brother Ludvig died, a French newspaper mistakenly ran an obituary for Alfred calling him the “merchant of death.” Not wanting to go down in history with such a horrible epitaph, Nobel created a will that established the now famous Nobel Prizes.
The prizes in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, and Peace were first awarded in 1901. There is a strict rule against awarding a prize to more than three people, and the Nobel awards are sometimes awarded to an organization or an individual/s and an associated organization.
According to Nobel’s will, the Peace Prize shall be awarded to the person who “shall have done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses.” De facto, the Internet has created opportunity unprecedented in our human history to promote this fraternity between nations, to render armies silent, and bring people of various cultures together instantaneously and continuously.